By Hans Beck
This complete quantity info the diversity of constitutions and kinds of governing our bodies within the old Greek world.
- A number of unique scholarship on historical Greek governing constructions and institutions
- Explores the a number of manifestations of country motion through the Greek world
- Discusses the evolution of presidency from the Archaic Age to the Hellenistic interval, historic typologies of presidency, its quite a few branches, ideas and techniques and geographical regions of governance
- Creates a special synthesis at the spatial and memorial connotations of presidency by means of combining the newest institutional learn with more moderen developments in cultural scholarship
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Extra resources for A Companion to Ancient Greek Government
1; Foxhall 1997). Arguments for an early ideology of egalitarianism have also been made by reference to the practice of ‘‘hoplite’’ warfare – named after the hoplit¯es, or heavily armed infantryman – which seems to have developed in the late eighth and early seventh centuries (Snodgrass 1965; 1993; van Wees 1994; 2000b; 2004: 47–52). The equal responsibility and cooperation that soldiers in the phalanx were expected to demonstrate is taken as analogous to their equal status in the political assembly (Hanson 1999: 400; cf.
Pol. 8), the Spartans practiced complicated drill maneuvers so that the strongest should always be facing the enemy lines. Since it was only the wealthier who could afford the best protective equipment, it is quite clear that it was they who stood in the front ranks and risked the most for their homelands, which is why, both in Archaic poetry and on funerary epitaphs, elites are anxious to stress their military service en promachois (‘‘in the front rank’’). So, for example, Tyrtaios (frs. 10–11W) addresses most of his exhortations to the warriors ﬁghting in the front rank, whom he describes as agathoi or esthloi, or the ‘‘progeny of unconquered Herakles,’’2 while an inscribed base on a kouros, dating to around 530 BCE and discovered at Anavysos in southern Attika, asks the passer-by to ‘‘stand and take pity beside the memorial of the dead Kroisos, whom violent Ares once destroyed in the front rank’’ (Jeffery 1990: 143–144).
To an Athenian, anything less than full and (nearly) equal participation was not really freedom. To a Spartan, anything more than token participation by ordinary people in the government was antithetical to freedom, because it would breed disorder and that in turn would eat away at virtue, without which freedom was impossible. The Greeks also disagreed about the proper role of government. Spartans believed in a powerful state that intruded into private life. Athenians thought that as long as an individual did his share of military service and political participation, he should be left alone by the government to do as he pleased.
A Companion to Ancient Greek Government by Hans Beck