By Ehud Ben Zvi
Famous historical-critical student Ehud Ben Zvi analyzes each verse of the publication of Zephaniah, reconstructing the old context of its composition, settling on its authorship, and contemplating how its unique viewers might have interpreted its message.
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Additional resources for A historical-critical study of the book of Zephaniah
Zephanic) material in the Book of Zephaniah: (a) Zeph 1:2-3; (b) Zeph 2:7-11; and (c) Zeph 3:8(14)-20. The unit consisting of Zeph 1:2-3, or certain part of it, has been considered late, and non-Zephanic, mainly because of its "eschatological" 53 So Bentzen, Π: 153. See J. M. P. Smith: 182-3. This idea had already been proposed by Ibn Ezra, questioned by Radak ("this is possible but there is no proof), and totally rejected by Abrabanel. 55 Neither a reader-oriented approach nor a book-as-object approach would ask these questions.
7 See Horgan. 191-92. 8 The Apocalypse of Zephaniah, or its kernel, was probably written in a Hellenistic Jewish milieu sometime between 100 BCE and 100 CE. See Wintennute, Kuhn and Schilrer, ΠΙ: 803-04, and the bibliography cited in these works. 77 he quotes ApZeph and not the Book of Zephaniah. ® "We will set over it [Assyria] seven shepherds, eight princes of men" (NJPSV). 10 According to the text in the MSS and to Saadia Gaon's quotation of b. Sukk. 52b; the printed text reads: "Zedekiah, Messiah and Elijah" after Zephaniah.
Futura. 4, Lips. , de animal, quor. T. Cap ΠΙ Zephaniae versio et nova ejusd. versum 18 expon, ratio, Gorlic 1811. One may add that in 1818 DA. Coelnn published his study on the entire Book of Zephaniah (Spicilegium Observationum Exegetico-Criticarum ad Zephaniah Vaticinio [Vratislaviae: Barthii Academics, 1818]). 37 38 39 See the index of biblical references in the modem Old Testament theologies written by Eichrodt, Köhler, Zimmerli, Westennann, etc. J. M. P. Smith: 176. S. Sandmel, The Enjoyment of Scripture: the Law, the Prophets and the Writings (NY: Oxford University Press, 1972), 257.
A historical-critical study of the book of Zephaniah by Ehud Ben Zvi