By Charles Gehring
In 1634, the Dutch West India corporation used to be fearful to grasp why the fur alternate from New Netherland were declining, so the corporate despatched 3 staff a ways into Iroquois nation to enquire. Harmen Meyndertsz van den Bogaert led the excursion from citadel Orange (present-day Albany, NY). His is the earliest identified description of the inner of what's at the present time manhattan kingdom and its seventeenth-century local population.
Van den Bogaert used to be a prepared observer, and his magazine is not just a regular log of the place the excursion social gathering traveled; it's also a close account of the Mohawks and the Oneidas: the settlements, modes of subsistence, and therapeutic rituals. Van den Bogaert's impressive wordlist is the earliest identified recorded vocabulary of the Mohawk language.
Gehring's translation and Starna's annotations offer necessary fabric for anthropologists, ethnohistorians, linguists, and an individual with a distinct curiosity in local American reports. Michelson's present additions to the wordlist of Mohawk equivalents with English glosses (wherever attainable) and his specialist research of the language within the local American passages supply a invaluable new measurement to this version of the journal.
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Extra info for A Journey Into Mohawk and Oneida Country 1634-1635: The Journal of Harmen Meyndertsz Van Den Bogaert Revised Edition
Three of them had garlands around their heads upon which were five white crosses. These garlands were made of deer’s hair which they dyed with the roots of herbs. 92 Here they intended to catch the devil and trample him to death, for they stomped all the bark in the house to pieces, so that none remained whole. 93 After much stomping and running, one of them went to the sick person and took an otter from his hand, and for a long time sucked on the sick man’s neck and back. Then he spit in the otter and threw it on the ground, running away with great excitement.
36 17 ditto. Sunday. We looked over our goods and came upon a paper of sulphur. Jeronimus took some out and THE JOURNAL 7 threw it on the fire. They saw the blue flame and smelled the odor, and told us that they also had such goods. When SICKARIS came in, they got it out and let us look at it, and it was the same. We asked him how he came by it. 37 18 ditto. 3 women came here from the Sinnekens with some dried and fresh salmon, but they smelled very bad. They sold each salmon for one guilder or 2 hands of sewant.
New York Historical Manuscripts, 1:54, 271, 2:194. 14. Van Laer, trans. , New York Historical Manuscripts, 1:60– 61, 4:59. 15. O’Callaghan, Register of New Netherland, 31, 48; Van Laer, trans. , New York Historical Manuscripts, 2:436–37. 16. Van Laer, trans. , Van Rensselaer Bowier Manuscripts, 401. It is not known whether Dela Croix had sailed back to Amsterdam to personally deliver the journal to Van Rensselaer or had it sent by courier. 17. Van Laer, trans. , New York Historical Manuscripts, 1:79, 140, 2:176, 248–49, 253.
A Journey Into Mohawk and Oneida Country 1634-1635: The Journal of Harmen Meyndertsz Van Den Bogaert Revised Edition by Charles Gehring