By Robert F. Boszhardt
To be had December 2003 the most typical relics of the 12,000-year occupancy of the higher Mississippi River Valley could be the chipped stone projectile issues that local americans mounted to the ends in their spears, darts, and arrow shafts. this helpful advisor presents a key to picking many of the forms of issues came upon alongside the higher Mississippi River within the Driftless quarter stretching approximately from Dubuque, Iowa, to crimson Wing, Minnesota, yet framed inside a a little bit better region extending from the Rock Island Rapids on the smooth Moline-Rock Island zone to the Falls of St. Anthony at Minneapolis-St. Paul. Logging tens of millions of miles and vacationing deepest creditors from all walks of existence due to the fact that 1982, Robert Boszhardt has documented millions of projectile issues present in this zone. as well as drawings of every type, he presents different permitted names in addition to names of similar issues, age, distribution, an outline (including size and width), fabric, and references for every style. The consultant is intended for the numerous avocational archaeologists who gather projectile issues within the higher Midwest and should be an invaluable reference instrument for pro box archaeologists in addition. Emphasizing the protection of web sites in addition to a mutual alternate of data among expert and avocational archaeologists, this advisor will exhibit projectile issues as clues to the prior, time markers which embrace an important information regarding the cultures of the Mississippi River Valley's early population.
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Additional info for A Projectile Point Guide for the Upper Mississippi River Valley (Bur Oak Guide)
5 in. description: In the Upper Mississippi Valley, ﬂuted points are known to have been made of Hixton siliciﬁed sandstone, Cochrane chert, Prairie du Chien chert, Moline chert, and Jasper taconite. Most of these have traditionally been designated Clovis or in a few instances Folsom. More recently, eastern ﬂuted point types have been reported. Stoltman has interpreted the ﬂuted point that was probably found with the Boaz mastodon as a Gainey point. That point is manufactured from Hixton siliciﬁed sandstone.
Other possible names or related points: age: A series of Quad (Price/Chesrow) points are documented from Mississippi River islands near Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin. . . . Price Stemmed points were initially thought by Freeman and Halsey to date to the Early-Middle Woodland stage. Intensive study near the Kickapoo River subsequently attributed these points to the Late Paleo period. Twelve specimens recovered from the lowest cultural levels excavated at the Bard Lawrence Rockshelter site were stratigraphically beneath Middle-Late Archaic Raddatz points.
1984; Stoltman 1991; Wright and Roosa 1966. references: 18 | e a r ly pa l e o f l u t e d s p e a r p o i n t s Late Paleo Lanceolate Points Plainview 1 cm 3 Plainview points are named for a series of at least twenty-eight unﬂuted concavebase lanceolate spear tips found with Bison antiquus remains along Running Water Draw near the town of Plainview, in northern Texas. This type has been found at a number of sites on the southern Plains. other possible names or related points: Goshen points are morphologically similar but are found on the northern Plains and appear to be earlier than the Plainview type.
A Projectile Point Guide for the Upper Mississippi River Valley (Bur Oak Guide) by Robert F. Boszhardt