By Alger F. Johns
This common grammar ebook of biblical Aramaic, utilized by scholars at many seminaries and universities, is the single one to incorporate graded routines on the shut of every of its twenty classes.
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Extra resources for A Short Grammar of Biblical Aramaic
However, t h e occurrences are n o t common (see Lesson VIII, sec. 6). All of the occurrences of the Shaphel in BA are closely related t o (if n o t borrowed from) t h e Shaphel of Accadian (common in that language). (A) Shaphel: the sole occurrence in the Pe Yodh verbs is more apparent than real, for it comes from the Accadian sUzubu — usezib, the Shaphel of ezebu, which is cognate t o the B H aw, not ar; hence it can be listed in BA as a Pe Yodh only for convenience. ) apBto 50 (B) Saphel: t h e one occurrence of a Saphel in BA is undoubtedly from an original Pe Waw conjugation (cf.
W h a t e v e r " is less frequently expressed in BA by either na or n alone. The interrogative n a is also frequently compounded with various prepositions: n a ? " h o w ! " na"? "for what p u r p o s e ? " " w h y ? " and na-Vx? " " w h y ? " 5. Indefinite Pronouns: Besides the indefinite relative pronouns discussed above, there are other indefinite pronouns in BA: (A) The idea of " o n e a n o t h e r " is expressed in BA by the repetition of the demonstrative: n n - D » n n " w i t h one a n o t h e r " (Dan.
N sg. T^ T •• pi. ] -ninn of n n " t o build"] psprn J^rn nrn -nvn pajni-n T •• (8) sg. pi. pilN nnax xrinas max xnnas pann^N T: • (9) sg. sg. pi. isVa niaT snia-) -nnn pannn niaVa Nnia'ja -niaVa paniaVa niaVi? '?? 'niaVa pan3a"7a T : - Note the application of the rule that the noanaa letters retain their spirant pronunciation after a vowel even when the vowel which caused it is dropped: pa^rn, paVa-n (see I 1). 3. Nouns of Unique Formation: Grouped together in this tenth class are various nouns (and adjectives) which have inflectional peculiarities that prevent them from being classified with t h e more regular classes of n o u n formation.
A Short Grammar of Biblical Aramaic by Alger F. Johns