By Slavoj Žižek
This present day, thousands of individuals, eager to get away battle, violence and poverty, are crossing the Mediterranean to hunt safe haven in Europe. Our reaction from our secure eu point of view, argues Slavoj Žižek, bargains models of ideological blackmail: both we open our doorways as largely as attainable; or we strive to tug up the drawbridge. either options are undesirable, states Žižek. They purely lengthen the matter, instead of tackling it.
The refugee problem additionally offers a chance, a different likelihood for Europe to redefine itself: yet, if we're to take action, we need to commence elevating disagreeable and tough questions. We should also recognize that giant migrations are our destiny: purely then do we decide to a delicately ready technique of swap, one based now not on a group that sees the excluded as a danger, yet one who takes as its foundation the shared substance of our social being.
The merely manner, in different phrases, to get to the center of 1 of the best matters confronting Europe this day is to insist at the worldwide cohesion of the exploited and oppressed. perhaps such team spirit is a utopia. yet, warns Žižek, if we don’t have interaction in it, then we're rather misplaced. And we are going to need to be misplaced.
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Additional resources for Against the Double Blackmail: Refugees, Terror and Other Troubles with the Neighbours
He embodied strong feelings of ethnic pride and nationalism. From a cultural perspective, this type of pride in one’s heritage and identification with the Croatian cause would probably be considered admirable, despite the absence (or presence) of society’s approval for the violence that ensued. ”35 Applying these comments to the phenomenon of terrorism, Crenshaw provocatively argued the following: At the stage of identity formation, individuals seek both meaning and a sense of wholeness or completeness as well as what Erikson .
Similarly, some individuals fail to surmount the crisis of initiative, so that on top of feelings of suspiciousness, self-doubt, powerlessness, and shame come inferiority and incompetence, feelings often resulting from social deficiencies and obstacles beyond the individual’s control (such as weak educational background). Thus, for the individuals Böllinger studied, layer on layer of development and experience did not smooth over scars but reopened old wounds. Such individuals reached puberty and 20 | The Psychology of Terrorism the crisis of identity formation already seriously impaired.
Third, the most salient and central feature of this cultural profile is a certain style of perceiving societal change and stability. Fourth, terrorist groups arise out of discrete cultural conditions, such as beliefs, values, and collective systems of meaning; therefore, these prerequisites are universal and will hold true regardless of the type of violent group. 151 Secrecy and segregation serve to both maintain and strengthen ethnocentrism. This, in turn, supports a “we are right, they are wrong” attitude among affiliates, facilitates group conformity and cohesion, and solidifies the influence of its leadership.
Against the Double Blackmail: Refugees, Terror and Other Troubles with the Neighbours by Slavoj Žižek