By Hans Ruthenberg
In early 1961 the Ho-Institut fur Wirtschaftsforschung (Ho-Institute for financial examine) proven an "African reports Centre" with the help of the Fritz-Thyssen-Foundation to behavior examine into the commercial and political difficulties of constructing international locations, with spe cial connection with the African international locations. via investigations into thestructure and clients of improvement within the constructing international locations, the experiences Centre will goal at contributing in the direction of the production of a genuine basis, at the foundation of which the Federal Republic's strengthen ment coverage should be conducted successfully. during this "age of improvement" the social and monetary sciences are faced with manifold initiatives. In fixing those, interdisciplinary co operation will end up valuable or even crucial, if fallacious and slender decisions are to be refrained from. Co-operation among scientists and institutes engaged in numerous branches of study will make attainable a greater und er status of the advanced practical courting which verify fiscal occasions and their mutations open air Western commercial society than might be ordinarily accomplished by means of an remoted strategy. clever total fiscal making plans, for instance, calls for technological research simply up to an actual wisdom of social constitution or actual context. At this aspect the economist needs to co-operate heavily with the engineer if he needs to prevent wasting his means normally styles of development. For, "des lors que nous parions (du developpement) en quantites globales, nous ne parions de rien" (LoUIs ]OSEPH LEBRET).
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Additional resources for Agricultural Development in Tanganyika
2 million. 98 per cent of the cattle and practically all of the sheep, goats and donkeys are owned by Africans. Table 9 shows that the average household - in areas where animal husbandry is possible - keeps 4-7 head of cattle and a few sheep and goats. There is a marked differentiation in the ownership of cattle. The Veterinary Department assurnes that 25 per cent of the families own 90 per cent of all cattle. RouNcE reported in 1950, with reference to Sukumaland, that almost all of the cattle is owned by one half of the families.
In many instances only apart of the arable land is put to use. The large discrepancy between weIl farmed and badly run estates indicates here, as it does all over the world, that even at the present level of cultivation, production could be higher and more profitable. e. undoubtedly better than the average of the African farmer. The expansion of the estate economy would probably be an economi~ cally simple and fruitful starting point towards increased agricultural production and productivity in Tanganyika.
Other pulses. . . seedcotton .... rice . . . . · .... Crop acreages per household Total . Thereof ... acres are cropped with the following crops . Personsfhousehold. . Dodoma Mpwapwa Central Region Table 9. Some Results of the SampIe Survey of African Agriculture, Tanganyika, 1950 1,2 not, however, conducive to achieving the bigger yields necessary in the face of an increasing population and a growing market. It is hardly possible to obtain higher yields per acre. Shortening the length of time in which the soil is kept fallow by prolonging the season of cultivation leads to loss of soil fertility or even to erosion.
Agricultural Development in Tanganyika by Hans Ruthenberg