By Abu 'l-Qasim Al-Qushayri, Alexander Knysh
Translated via Alexander D. Knysh
The writer of the Epistle on Sufism, Abu'l-Qasim al-Qushayri (376-465 H / 986-1074 CE), was once a recognized Sunni Shafi'i Ash'ari student and mystic (Sufi) from Khurasan in Iran. His Epistle is likely one of the preferred Sufi handbook ever. Written in 437 H / 1045 CE, it has served as a prime textbook for lots of generations of Sufi rookies all the way down to the current. al-Qushayri has given us an illuminating perception into the standard lives of Sufi devotees of the 8th to 11th centuries CE and the ethical and moral dilemmas they have been dealing with in attempting to strike a fragile stability among their ascetic and mystical convictions and the exigencies of existence in a society ruled via rank, wealth, and armed forces energy. In al-Qushayri's narrative, the Sufi 'friends of God' (awliya') are depicted because the precise, if uncrowned, 'kings' of this international, now not these worldly rulers who seem to be lording it over the typical herd of believers. but, even the main complicated Sufi masters are usually not take salvation without any consideration. Miracle-working, irrespective of how surprising, can't warrantly the Sufi a 'favorite consequence' within the afterlife, for it can be yet a ruse at the a part of God who desires to try out the ethical integrity of his servant. within the Epistle, those and plenty of different Sufi motifs are illustrated via the anecdotes and parables that exhibit al-Qushayri's fellow Sufis in a large choice of contexts: struggling with starvation and thirst within the barren region, whereas appearing pilgrimage to Makkah, partaking in 'spiritual auditions', reciting the Qur'an, waging conflict opposed to the 'infidel' enemy and their very own wishes, incomes their livelihood, meditating in a retreat, praying, operating miracles, interacting with the 'people of the market-place', their kin and friends, dreaming, and loss of life.
Read Online or Download al-Qushayri’s Epistle on Sufism: al-Risala al-Qushayriyya fi Ilm al-Tasawwuf PDF
Similar islam books
This publication presents a desirable examine the construction of latest Muslim jihadists. Basing the ebook on her long term fieldwork within the disputed borderlands among Pakistan and India, Cabeiri deBergh Robinson tells the tales of individuals whose lives and households were formed via an extended historical past of political clash.
1903. Contents: creation: theater; oriental knowledge; Greek technological know-how; Philosophy and Arab wisdom: grammatical technology; moral instructing; doctrinal structures; literature and background; Pythagorean Philosophy: common philosophy; devoted brethren of Basra; Neo-Platonic Aristotelians of the east: Kindi; Farabi; Ibn Maskawaih; Ibn Sina; Ibn al-Haitham; final result of Philosophy within the East: Gasali; Epitomists; Philosophy within the West: beginnings; Ibn Baddja; Ibn Tofail; Ibn Roshd; end: Ibn Khaldun; Arabs and Scholasticism.
"This is a well-argued and lengthy past due articulation of a state of affairs already perceived intuitively by means of many observers of conventional groups professing a salvation religion--especially Islam--but ordinarily obscured within the literature through the observer's preconceptions. right here, in contrast, Iranian peasants and settled tribesmen speak on to us for the 1st time: their attitudes and Loeffler's conclusions are a salutory and important counter to all of the contemporary reports of Iran's urban-based 'Islamic Revolution' and of 'Islam' as an artifact of the institution clergy, or of Marxist revisionists, or of western and westernized students.
In keeping with wide learn of Muslims, Islamic academics and Imams over twenty years and 10 years of dwelling between them, Ralph Stice believes that Islam will play a vital position in any case instances. regardless of our government’s top efforts to halt terrorism, it's going to fail simply because God will use Islam in His higher function of bringing global heritage to a detailed.
Additional info for al-Qushayri’s Epistle on Sufism: al-Risala al-Qushayriyya fi Ilm al-Tasawwuf
This is a nickname of a famous ascetic Abu ∏Imran Musa b. ∏Isa b. Adam. That is, ∏Isa b. Adam al-Bastami (al-Bistami). That is, in the direction of Mecca, toward which the Muslims face during the prayer. ABU πL-QASIM AL-QUSHAYRI 33 it on the fourth. On the first day I renounced this world and everything in it. On the second day I renounced the Hereafter and everything in it. On the third day I renounced everything other than God. And on the fourth day there was left nothing for me but God alone.
Shaqiq al-Balkhi told him: “You have the Creator who is living, All-Knowing and All-Powerful. ” The custodian answered: “If this were so, then [the Creator] would be able to provide you with sustenance in your own country. ”//49 Shaqiq took heed and embarked on the path of world-renunciation. 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 That is, a Sufi. In another reading, “the army of the dead”. Meaning the first Muslims. In another reading, al-Ghazzali. On him see IM, pp. 32–33. See IM, pp. 33–34 and pages 36–37 in this book.
That is, God protects him by sending him a warning through them. An early ascetic of Baghdad who died in 200/815. See IM, pp. 48–49. The eighth imam of the Shi∏ites who died in 203/818. E. ” I heard my teacher Abu ∏Ali al-Daqqaq – may God have mercy on him – say that Ma∏ruf’s parents were Christians. ” One day the teacher gave him a severe beating and Ma‘ruf ran away. ” Later, he embraced Islam at the hands of [the imam] ∏Ali b. Musa al-Rida38 and returned to his house. He knocked on the door. ” So his parents became Muslims too.
al-Qushayri’s Epistle on Sufism: al-Risala al-Qushayriyya fi Ilm al-Tasawwuf by Abu 'l-Qasim Al-Qushayri, Alexander Knysh