By James B Greenough, J. H. Allen, G. L. Kittredge, A. A. Howard, Benj. L. D'Ooge
This sourcebook's three-part remedy begins with phrases and varieties, masking elements of speech, declensions, and conjugations. the second one half, syntax, explores circumstances, moods, and tenses. The concluding part bargains details on archaic usages, Latin verse, and prose composition, between different matters. broad appendixes characteristic a word list of phrases and indexes. scholars of background, faith, and literature will locate lasting worth during this modestly priced version of a vintage advisor to Latin.
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Extra info for Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar
A syllable containing a short vowel followed by a mute before l or r is properly short, but may be used as long in verse. Such a syllable is said to be common. —In syllables long by position, but having a short vowel, the length is partly due to the first of the consonants, which stands in the same syllable with the vowel. In syllables of “common” quantity (as the first syllable of patrem) the ordinary pronunciation was pa-trem, but in verse pat-rem was allowed so that the syllable could become long.
Of a few ends in -im (§ 75). e. The ablative singular of all neuters, and of many masculines and feminines, ends in -ī (see § 76). 75. The regular case-ending of the Accusative singular of i-stems (M. ) would be -im: as, sitis, sitim (cf. stella, -am; servus, -um); but in most nouns this is changed to -em (following the consonant declension). a. The accusative in -im is found exclusively — 1. In Greek nouns and in names of rivers. 2. In būris, cucumis, rāvis, sitis, tussis, vīs. 3. In adverbs in -tim (being accusative of nouns in -tis), as, partim; and in amussim.
Greek likewise belongs to the same family. The Romance (or Romanic) languages, of which the most important are Italian, French, Provencal, Spanish, Portuguese, and Roumanian, are modern descendants of spoken Latin. The earliest known forms of Latin are preserved in a few inscriptions. C. 250. C. D. 14) that is ordinarily meant when we speak of Latin, and it is mainly this that is described in this book. 15. Among the main features in the changes of Latin from the earliest stages of the language as we know it up to the forms of classical Latin may be mentioned the following:— Vowel Changes 1.
Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar by James B Greenough, J. H. Allen, G. L. Kittredge, A. A. Howard, Benj. L. D'Ooge