By R. Jankowski
Members have little incentive to vote, gather political info or give a contribution crusade cash, simply because their vote has little or no likelihood of affecting the result of an election. Jankowski deals a proof and proof for political participation according to the truth that most people are weakly altruistic.
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Additional info for Altruism and Self-Interest in Democracies: Individual Participation in Government
In 1992, 65 percent, and in 1996, 62 percent of Democrats perceived a major difference between the parties. The anomaly is 1994, when only 47 percent of Democrats perceived a difference. In the preceding and subsequent years, it is substantially higher. If the “Contract with America” is argued to have an effect, it perversely did not change Republican perceptions, but instead, lowered Democratic perceptions of a major difference between parties. What needs to be explained is the decline in Democratic perceptions of party differences that impacted the turnout; not the increased turnout by Republicans.
L ! ⎟⎠ ⎜⎝ k ! 5) The α and β parameters are the means of the Poisson distributions for the two groups. They are equal to N1 λ and N2ρ respectively. 9) for the equilibrium randomization strategies of the group members. 83. Hence, if there are one hundred million members in each group, approximately 32 individuals from each group will vote. Thus, the turnout rate is not even remotely close to those observed turnout rates, which are approximately 50 percent in US presidential election years.
This seems to be reflected in the difference between Republicans and Democrats in perceived difference between the parties. 36 Altruism and Self-Interest in Democracies But, if we compare perception of party difference in 1994 with 1992 and 1996, the “Contract with America” impact on perceived difference between the parties is not confirmed. As noted, Republican perception of party differences was 61 percent in 1994, compared with 47 percent by Democrats. But, 62 percent of Republicans in 1992, and 71 percent in 1996 saw a major difference between the parties.
Altruism and Self-Interest in Democracies: Individual Participation in Government by R. Jankowski