By R. Kent Rasmussen
A variety of American Indian tribes are surveyed from precedent days to the 20 th century during this reference assortment. The insurance beings with evaluation essays at the ten significant cultural/geographical parts: Arctic, California, nice Basin, Northeast, Northwest Coast, Plains, Plateau, Southeast, Southwest, and Subarctic. those are by way of greater than three hundred alphabetically prepared entries on person tribes. The set concludes with ten appendices: academic associations and courses; fairs and Pow-wows; Museums, documents, and Libraries; enterprises, businesses, and Societies; Populations of U.S. Reservations; Reservations: US; Reserves and Bands: Canada; Time Line; Mediagraphy; and Bibliography. the ultimate merchandise during this awesome paintings is a finished topic index
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Arctic and Subarctic. The northern continental zone running from the Arctic north to British Columbia and eastward to Hudson Bay, while not one culture area, was characterized by a common practice: Natives survived 3 Introduction American Indian Tribes primarily by hunting and fishing. Because the northern Arctic zone is frozen most of the year, Eskimo (Inuit) populations that specialized in sea mammal hunting (especially the Aleuts) stayed isolated in areas where access to prey was assured. Central Inuit hunters in the interior of Alaska and the MacKenzie Territory, where kayak transportation was limited to a short summer season, reached their prey (usually caribou and moose) on toboggans or snowshoes.
16 American Indian Tribes Arctic Farther north, Inuit people were heavily impacted by the intensification of whaling in the late nineteenth century. Scottish and American whalers were active in Baffin Bay and Davis Strait from the 1830’s on, while American whalers had established themselves in North Alaska by the 1880’s and 1890’s. These contacts had a significant impact on the Eskimos. Not only did infectious diseases take a heavy toll in many areas, but also the whalers introduced the Inuit to highly desirable material goods.
Skinner, Ramona E. Alaska Native Policy in the Twentieth Century. New York: Garland, 1997. 18 California California Language groups: Athapaskan, Chimariko, Chumashan, Esselen, Karok, Maiduan, Palaihnihan, Pomoan, Salinan, Shastan, UtoAztecan, Wintun, Wiyot, Yanan, Yokutsan, Yukian, Yuman, Yurok Tribes: Achumawi, Atsugewi, Cahuilla, Chemehuevi, Chumash, Costanoan, Cupeño, Diegueño, Esselen, Fernandeño, Gabrielino, Hupa, Juaneño, Kamia, Karok, Kato, Luiseño, Maidu, Mattole, Miwok, Patwin, Pomo, Quechan, Salinan, Serrano, Shasta, Tolowa, Tubatulabal, Wailaki, Wappo, Wintun, Wiyot, Yahi, Yana, Yokuts, Yuki, Yurok T he California culture area corresponds closely to the modern boundaries of that state.
American Indian Tribes (2 Volume Set) by R. Kent Rasmussen