By Titu Cusi Yupanqui, Ralph Bauer
On hand in English for the 1st time, An Inca Account of the Conquest of Peru is a firsthand account of the Spanish invasion, narrated in 1570 through Diego de Castro Titu Cusi Yupanqui—the penultimate ruler of the Inca dynasty—to a Spanish missionary and transcribed by means of Titu Cusi's mestizo secretary.
Titu Cusi tells of his father's maltreatment by the hands of the Spaniards; his father's resulting army campaigns, withdrawal and homicide; and his personal succession as ruler. This brilliant narrative illuminates the Incan view of the Spanish invaders and provides an enormous account of local peoples' resistance, lodging, switch, and survival within the face of the Spanish conquest.
Ralph Bauer's striking translation, annotations, and advent provide serious context and historical past for an entire knowing of Titu Cusi's occasions and the importance of his phrases. Co-winner of the 2005 Colorado Endowment for the arts ebook Prize.
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Extra info for An Inca Account of the Conquest of Peru
The composition of this text was profoundly informed by Spanish and native Andean structures of knowledge, fusing various and often incommensurate rhetorical practices and conceptions of history. 20 It was a colonial culture, to be sure, whose intercultural exchanges occurred under conditions of extreme power imbalances. ”21 On the one hand, Native leaders quickly learned not only that writing was the foundation for European notions of truth in general but also that it was particularly closely tied to royal power.
Formally, the text is divided into three distinct major sections: (1) a short introductory part explicitly addressed to Lope García de Castro, the departing governor of Peru, with Titu Cusi’s request (instrucción) to present his text to King Philip II; (2) Titu Cusi’s historical account (relación) of the Spanish Conquest of Peru, his father’s maltreatment at the hands of the conquerors, the ensuing military conflicts, his father’s withdrawal to Vilcabamba, his eventual murder there, and Titu Cusi’s own succession as Inca, as well as his conversion to Christianity, leading up to the production of the manuscript; and (3) a power of attorney (poder) in which Titu Cusi authorizes García de Castro to represent him legally in the courts of Spain in any matter pertaining to his interests, title, or possessions.
Ironically, his invocation of the primogeniture principle to establish his legitimacy would have been less than fully persuasive to his Spanish audience, who would have judged him (and indeed did judge him) as illegitimate, based on the European notion of bastardry. By European standards, legitimacy for succession depended on the identity of a mother only insofar as she was a ruler’s wedded wife, not on her independent patrilineal descent from previous rulers. Therefore, despite Titu Cusi’s and Sarmiento de Gamboa’s evident awareness of this cultural difference, neither one was entirely successful in the act of translation.
An Inca Account of the Conquest of Peru by Titu Cusi Yupanqui, Ralph Bauer