By R.P.M. Lehmann
This guide was once produced with the purpose of offering scholars with an creation to previous Irish literature in addition to to the language. one of many awesome outdated Irish tales is used because the easy textual content. Examples of poems, and of the glosses, complement it. All are completely annotated. The grammatical info supplied in those annotations is summarized in grammatical sections facing particular structures and types. the 1st fifty of those sections are descriptive; a number of the comparable issues are mentioned within the moment fifty part from a historic perspective. a last thesaurus comprises references to all phrases taking place within the texts. The equipment was once for this reason designed to allow a comparatively effortless method of a truly tricky language.
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Extra info for An Introduction to Old Irish
Other strategies are the repeated *prolepses 58 De Jong (1987a: 57–60). 59 Saïd (1978: 305–17) and Fisher (1992: 160). book one 29 of Odysseus’ revenge, some by authoritative persons; the support he receives from Athena (cf. 413–15); the selective moralism (cf. ); the ‘plugging’ of Odysseus the just king (cf. ); and the Apologue’s ‘key’ function (cf. Introduction to 9). 169). Of the twenty-six instances in the Odyssey, twenty concern the Suitors. ’60 232–41 A double combination of hope and resignation (cf.
Where the disguised Odysseus himself describes his palace. 106–12 Arriving at his destination, the Homeric visitor ﬁnds – and focalizes (cf. 42 Here we have a – unique – variant (Athena ﬁnds not Telemachus, but the Suitors), which immediately brings home what is wrong in Odysseus’ household: the Suitors are in a place where Telemachus should be. The activities engaged in by the persons found often characterize them or are contextually signiﬁcant; cf. 5–28nn. Here the Suitors are playing a game, while servants prepare a meal; throughout the story they will be seen amusing themselves with dance and sport (cf.
14 book one the fact that Odysseus and Telemachus will together carry out the act of revenge. 46–7 Athena’s threatening words ‘may everyone die who does things like that’ may be interpreted by the narratees as directed at the Suitors;28 cf. her exhortation of Telemachus in 295–302, which explicitly links the murders of Aegisthus and the Suitors. This is the ﬁrst – veiled – *prolepsis † of Odysseus’ revenge. 48–62 In describing Odysseus’ unhappiness Athena uses words which echo his name and in the Odyssey refer mainly to him: dusmÒrƒ, ‘unlucky’ (49; ﬁve out of six Odyssean instances concern Odysseus), *dÊsthnon, ‘miserable’ (55; ﬁfteen out of seventeen instances), ÙdurÒmenon, ‘weep’ (55; twenty-seven out of thirty-nine instances),29 and *»dÊsao, ‘are angry’ (62; all ﬁve instances): the ‘nomen est omen’ principle.
An Introduction to Old Irish by R.P.M. Lehmann