By A. Souaiaia
Anatomy of Dissent in Islam is an interdisciplinary examine of political and criminal dissent in Islamic civilization from the 7th century on. (7th century). utilizing Ibadism as a case learn, this paintings explores the occasions and teachings that formed legitimacy and uprising, orthodoxy and sectarianism, and legislation and tradition in Islamic societies.
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Extra resources for Anatomy of Dissent in Islamic Societies: Ibadism, Rebellion, and Legitimacy
A caliph may be able to consolidate political and religious authority if he is knowledgeable, upright, and just. A caliph, however, may lose his standing as a religious authority without losing his political power. In fact, in the eyes of Muslim scholars, most caliphs never had or had lost their standing as religious authorities. In the eyes of Ibāḍī scholars, for instance, ‘Uthmān was an upright caliph who served as the religious and political leader until he lost his standing as a moral authority.
A close analysis of both the common and unique features of the selection processes will reveal what is specific to the Islamic governance system and what is not. Although the Prophet Muhammad was ill for nearly seven days before he passed away, according to most Muslim historians he did not select a political successor. 23 These two principles were in play during the first meeting held to select the first political leader. As soon as the Prophet Muhammad had passed away and before he was buried, leading members of the community from among the natives of Madīnah (also known as the supporters or al-Anṣār) reportedly met to select a leader.
51. God is on the side of what is nearest to uprightness and kindness in this document. 52. Quraysh and its helpers shall not be given protection. 53. The contracting parties are bound to help one another against any attack on Yathrib. If they are called to make peace and maintain it, they must do so; and if they make a similar demand on the Muslims, it must be carried out except in the case of a war. 54. Every one shall have his portion from the side to which he belongs. 55. The Jews of al-Aws, their freedmen, and themselves have the same standing with the people of this document in loyalty from the people of this document—standing for absolute kindness.
Anatomy of Dissent in Islamic Societies: Ibadism, Rebellion, and Legitimacy by A. Souaiaia